مطالب پیشنهادی:
Falak al-Falak castle, Khoram Abad (Shapour Castle fort)

The fort was 1700 or 1800 years ago. It is related to the Sassanid era and has used the military fortress. Certainly this building has been renovated and restored, and is the peak of Safavid and Qajar times. One of the castle towers has a brick decoration related to the Seljuk period about 1000 years.

The reason for naming the castle to 12 towers is the large fortress with 12 towers around the castle, which is still the only tower, the ruined state that is visible on the first bolt, remains the Sassanid period.

The castle area is about 5,000 square meters. There are about 365 congresses or refugees, with escaped and hiding places. In the early days of Islam, Khedin Shah, Atabakan was the smallest, with the longest place in the Atakhan Lore. In each era, he had a different application, for example; he was in prison at the time.

Falak-ol-Aflak Castle is located on the top of an ancient and natural hill in the center of Khorramabad city. This valuable work has eight rectangular courtyard towers. The height of the tallest wall to the surface of the hill is 22.5 m and its total area is 5,300 square meters. The plan is irregularly octagonal.

Its entrance was made on the northern front and at the southwest tower, with a width of 2.5 and a height of 3 meters. In this building, materials such as clay, brick (red and large), stone and mortar were used. Considerable points in this great building are the fortress well to the depth of 42 meters in the first yard and the emergency exit in the second yard. Since the construction of the building in the Sassanid era, it has been added to the later periods (especially the Safavid period). This work is the famous fortress of Shapur Prasht, which is mentioned in history. In terms of its strategic position in the 4th century AD, it became the seat of the government of Al-Hussein and the rulers of the dynasty during the time of Al Boyeh. Since the 6th century AH after the construction of the new town of Khorramabad, this castle was also known as Khoram Abad. Probably the name of Falak al-Falaq has been used in the Qajar period. Since its inception, this magnificent building has had political, military, royal treasures, headquarters, military garrisons, and political prisoners. Nowadays, it is used as an archaeological, anthropological, and rehabilitation laboratory for traditional objects and archeology. This is a monument of the Sassanid era and has been registered on the National Iranian Book List No. 883.

Architectural elements of fences, towers and gates

One of the elements and elements of the old barrel was the fence, which was built according to the importance of castles according to their use. The fortress of Falak al-Alaalak has always been used as the headquarters of the rulers during various historical periods, so it should be considered as a fortress (government organ). It is argued that this castle also played a major role in the subsequent periods (the seventh century AH) in the formation and development of the old city of Khorramabad.

There is little mention in the historical texts of the materials of the twelve towers and the fence, the lower part of one of the fence towers located on the south side of the castle and along the river known as the blue tower is made of rock. The remnants of the two towers in the northwest and western parts of the castle indicate that their structure consists of bricks, carcasses, rubble, clay and mud, which is part of the variety of materials related to the repairs of its various periods.

Watch out

In addition to 12 tower fences and eight castle towers to aristocracy to carry out any moves that might have been taken by the enemy, there was a tower at the end of the southeast of the southern part of the White Mountain on the top of a mountain known as spruce. The surface of those works identifies the period of Ashkani, and at the bottom of it there is a promenade known as the Bakhtiyar Sangar which was associated with the later periods.

Golestan Mansion

On the orders of Prince Mohammad Ali Mirza Qajarar, the twelve-story fence has been constructed under the name of Mo’in al-Saltanah as “Indoor and outer buildings, numerous secluded baths and mosques, artillery and stables, and the large mansion and gardens and lakes known as Golestan Namayesh who is located next to the courtyard, Moin al-Saltanah in the description of the Golestan Mirage wrote: “A mirage is under the fortress is a cool and clear that does not need ice in the summer, there are ten rocks of water from mills that were rejected The river gets in. “

Destroy castle mansions

During the reign of Zulf al-Sultan, which Mozafar al-Malik Nabat governorate of Lorestan, destroyed the fortress’s buildings, transferred bricks and materials to a land plot known as Ali Abad and built a caravanserai there.

The way to climb (access) to the eight castle fortress

The old way to access the castle has been from the south side of the castle, now there are remains of this way in the cliff. In this section cut and level the rock. At present, the slope of the road and the way and how to cobble it due to being located under the waste of the building that is cast out of the castle, is unclear, but the effects of this path on the slopes of the hill, which has a sloping slope is completely clear. , Cut down on a part of the rock and created a path.

Castle entrance

With two pillars, the high-rise brick and vaulted facade are located in the northwest of the building, and its appearance reflects the inputs of the Qajar period. After the entrance gate, there is a vestibule and then a corridor which turns to the left courtyard. There are spaces on either side of the vestibule, where the guards and the small room are likely to lie behind the right-hand side of the guardroom. Also, on the right side of the corridor, the space below the floor of the corridor is low, the user is uncertain. The entrances to the castle consisting of octopus, guardrooms and entry corridors along with the tower number one (on the right of the entrance) is the only castle section built in two classes. The second floor consists of several rooms with a western-eastern direction, which overlooks the entrance to the castle from the outside.

First courtyard

The first courtyard courtyard is enclosed to the south with a row of the new building, which was rebuilt as a result of the destruction of the No. 2 castle tower in 1362, and on its northern side is a rectangular plan with a lower floor below the courtyard floor. And in the middle of it, six gravel (pillars) of bricks with side walls adhere to the dome of the ceiling. In the northern part of the space, facing the entrance, there is the interior of the tower, and in the western part of the space at the end of it there is the interior of the tower with four brickworks in the middle. This section is located at the bottom of the well, and underground water storage and underground drains were discovered below it.

The well Castle

The part of the well was the tallest part of the courtyard of the castle. This well has been created for drinking water. The brain of the thinker who built the castle in this place, drilled a well of 40 meters, was poured through a cyclic cow method, and then the water was thrown into the entire castle.

Second apron

The entrance to the courtyard of the second courtyard is through the courtyard side of the southwest courtyard. The hall is covered with a crescent and at the end it is divided into two branches, the south side of the staircase access to the roof, and the north branch of the corridor entering the second courtyard. The second courtyard is surrounded by four rows of buildings. The western part of the Qajar period is located between two courtyards, which was mentioned earlier.

Eastern part of the building

Apart from its northern side, which consists of rooms with oriental-western orientation covering the vault of the song in a perched manner, and continuing the northern part of the castle, this section has two types of covers, one part similar to the architecture of the northern space of the first stage, that is, four The pillar is a brick with dome skylights and in the other part with an oval cover that is unique in its kind.

Sources/

http://lorestan.ichto.i

http://lor-mirathkohan.ir/2018/04/25

[ زینب حاجری ]

کارشناس مدیریت جهانگردی
کارشناسی ارشد جغرافیای طبیعی
نایب رئیس شرکت پژوهشی - آموزشی گردشگری کاسیت نشینان زاگرس
مسئول آموزش شرکت پژوهشی-آموزشی گردشگری کاسیت نشینان زاگرس
مسئول تولید محتوای شرکت پژوهشی-آموزشی گردشگری کاسیت نشینان زاگرس

انتشار مطالب فوق تنها با ذکر مرجع به همراه لینک وب‌سایت شرکت پژوهشی-آموزشی گردشگری کاسیت نشینان زاگرس مجاز است.
لطفا به حقوق هم احترام بگذاریم.

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